Mustang Bio Announces Orphan Drug Designation for MB-207 for the Treatment of X-linked Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (“XSCID”) in Previously Transplanted Patients
WORCESTER, Mass., Sept. 22, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Mustang Bio, Inc. (“Mustang”) (NASDAQ: MBIO), a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on translating today’s medical breakthroughs in cell and gene therapies into potential cures for hematologic cancers, solid tumors and rare genetic diseases, today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) has granted Orphan Drug Designation to MB-207, Mustang’s lentiviral gene therapy for the treatment of patients with X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (“XSCID”), also known as bubble boy disease, who have been previously treated with a hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (“HSCT”) and for whom re-treatment is indicated. In August 2020, the FDA granted Rare Pediatric Disease Designation to MB-207 for the treatment of XSCID in previously treated patients with HSCT.
The FDA grants Orphan Drug Designation to drugs and biologics that are intended for the safe and effective treatment, diagnosis or prevention of rare diseases or disorders that affect fewer than 200,000 people in the U.S. Orphan Drug Designation provides certain incentives, such as tax credits toward the cost of clinical trials and prescription drug user fee waivers. If a product holding Orphan Drug Designation receives the first FDA approval for the disease in which it has such designation, the product is entitled to seven years of market exclusivity, which is independent from intellectual property protection.
Manuel Litchman, M.D., President and Chief Executive Officer of Mustang, said, “The receipt of Orphan Drug and Rare Pediatric Disease Designations from the FDA for MB-207, to treat XSCID patients who have received a prior HSCT and for whom re-treatment is necessary, are important regulatory milestones for Mustang that are indicative of the significant unmet need in this devastating rare disease. These achievements bring us closer to providing a new potential treatment option to patients and their families. We look forward to initiating our pivotal clinical programs for MB-207 in previously transplanted patients with XSCID and MB-107 in newly diagnosed infants with XSCID.”
The lentiviral gene-therapy method employed in MB-207 was co-developed by scientists at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (“NIAID”), part of the National Institutes of Health, and St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital (“St. Jude”). MB-207 has been studied at NIAID since 2012 and continues to be assessed in a NIAID-supported Phase 1/2 clinical trial for XSCID in patients over the age of two who have received prior HSCT. Mustang expects to file an investigational new drug application (“IND”) with the FDA to initiate a multi-center pivotal Phase 2 clinical trial of MB-207 in this patient population in the fourth quarter of 2020.
An additional Phase 1/2 clinical trial for XSCID in newly diagnosed infants under the age of two is ongoing at St. Jude, UCSF Benioff Children’s Hospital in San Francisco and Seattle Children’s Hospital. The product candidate in this trial is designated as MB-107. In May 2020, Mustang submitted an IND to the FDA to initiate a multi-center pivotal Phase 2 clinical trial of MB-107 in newly diagnosed infants with XSCID who are between two months to two years of age. The trial is expected to enroll 10 patients who, together with 15 patients enrolled in the current multi-center trial led by St. Jude, will be compared with 25 matched historical control patients who have undergone HSCT. The primary efficacy endpoint will be event-free survival. The initiation of this trial is anticipated in the fourth quarter of 2020. Mustang is targeting top-line data from this trial in the second half of 2022.
The FDA previously granted Rare Pediatric Disease, Orphan Drug and Regenerative Medicine Advanced Therapy Designations to MB-107 for the treatment of XSCID in newly diagnosed infants. Additionally, the European Medicines Agency granted Advanced Therapy Medicinal Product Classification to MB-107.
About X-linked Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (“XSCID”)
X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency is a rare genetic disorder that occurs in approximately 1 per 225,000 births. It is characterized by the absence or lack of function of key immune cells, resulting in a severely compromised immune system and death by 1 year of age if untreated. Patients with XSCID have no T-cells or natural killer cells. Although their B-cells are normal in number, they are not functional. As a result, XSCID patients are usually affected by severe bacterial, viral or fungal infections early in life and often present with interstitial lung disease, chronic diarrhea and failure to thrive. Among patients who receive HSCT, many are unable to establish adequate T-cell immunity or lose T-cell immunity over time. Further, approximately two-thirds of patients who receive HSCT lack sufficient B-cell immunity and need lifelong immunoglobulin replacement therapy.
The specific genetic disorder that causes XSCID is a mutation in the gene coding for the common gamma chain (γc), a protein that is shared by the receptors for at least six interleukins. These interleukins and their receptors are critical for the development and differentiation of immune cells. The gene coding for γc is known as IL-2 receptor gamma, or IL2RG. Because IL2RG is located on the X-chromosome, XSCID is inherited in an X-linked recessive pattern, resulting in almost all patients being male.
About Mustang Bio
Mustang Bio, Inc. is a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on translating today’s medical breakthroughs in cell and gene therapies into potential cures for hematologic cancers, solid tumors and rare genetic diseases. Mustang aims to acquire rights to these technologies by licensing or otherwise acquiring an ownership interest, to fund research and development, and to outlicense or bring the technologies to market. Mustang has partnered with top medical institutions to advance the development of CAR T therapies across multiple cancers, as well as a lentiviral gene therapy for XSCID. Mustang is registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and files periodic reports with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Mustang was founded by Fortress Biotech, Inc. (NASDAQ: FBIO). For more information, visit www.mustangbio.com.
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Released September 22, 2020